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BBC视频:世界最大熊科动物——阿拉斯加大灰熊
标签:动物世界,BBC,中级,英语,灰熊
阿拉斯加灰熊(Grizzlies)又名阿拉斯加棕熊,身长可达3.25米,直立身高达2.7米,被认为是世界上最大熊科动物,也是最大的陆生食肉动物。阿拉斯加灰熊个头很大,前肢有力,可以毫不费力的摧毁钢化玻璃。它们的平均寿命为30年,通常独居生活,但是在鲑鱼产卵的季节会聚集在溪流、河流、湖泊和池塘周围。
1. count on 想到
【视频例句】Usually solitary beasts, you can always count on some fireworks when Grizzlies get together.
这种动物通常独来独往,如果看到灰熊聚集,一定会有激烈的行为发生。
【拓展例句】They hadn't counted on standing in line to pick up the tickets.
他们没料到要排队取票。
2. fight over sth.为某物争夺
【视频例句】What do bears fight over?
灰熊会争夺什么东西?
【拓展例句】It's quite an honor to have two men fighting over me.
有两个人争着要我, 我感到很荣幸。
3. pile on 堆积
【视频例句】He’s been on a crash weight-gain diet all summer to pile on the pounds to survive a whole winter underground.
它整个夏天都在吃会发胖的食物,囤积体重,准备在地底度过整个冬天。
【拓展例句】The lorries drew up, and they piled on.
卡车停下来,他们一拥而上。
4. come by 得到,获得
【视频例句】The best dining spots are hard to come by.
最好的用餐地点很难得到。
【拓展例句】He came by the data from various sources.
这些资料他是从不同地方找到的。
Weighing as much as 300 kilos,
Grizzlies are some of the fattest fighters
in the animal kingdom.
Usually solitary beasts,
you can always count on some fireworks
when Grizzlies get together.
The bar-room brawlers of the animal kingdom.
What do bears fight over?
Food of course!
We have to travel to the rivers of Alaska,
to share a table with the fattest food fighters
in the world.
This guy is getting ready for the big snooze.
He's been on a crash weight-gain diet all summer
to pile on the pounds to survive
a whole winter underground.
Come the new year
Grizzlies spend each waking hour
eating everything they can lay their paws on
The only time they get together
is for an all-you-can-eat buffet.
A special event
that gets the better of their lonely nature
the salmon run.
As they travel up river
to return to their spawning grounds,
salmon swim straight through bear country
and these dangerous diners
know exactly where to find them.
Our cuddly contenders
have the perfect utensils for this gourmet feast.
Their huge claws are useful
for catching and slashing their prey.
But sometimes their teeth work just as well.
This is a perfect opportunity for Grizzlies to bulk up
for the winter.
Salmon are high in protein
and these gluttonous gourmets
don't believe in moderation.
If there are plenty of salmon around
they can put on over 2 kilos of fat every day.
But with all this competition
and hardly enough room to chew,
it doesn't take long for tempers to get short.
The best dining spots are hard to come by,
flashing teeth normally decide
who reserved this table
and if that fails, well,
fight!
If it's not the close proximity that irritates you,
it's the sheer pushiness of your fellow diners
‘Hey, get your own’!
But, when you're stuffed,
you're stuffed.
And there's always someone around to pick up the pieces.
For younger bears
when the action at the rapids buffet gets too busy
there are plenty of quieter streams to explore the menu.
Ah, but even there someone is always after your lunch.
The battles fought in these side streams
are good practise for that big day
when you are ready to step into the watery ring.
灰熊体重高达三百公斤
是动物界最胖的战士之一
这种动物通常独来独往
如果看到灰熊聚集
一定会有激烈的行为发生
它是动物界的闹事者
灰熊会争夺什么东西?
当然就是食物了
我们必须前往阿拉斯加的河流
看看世界最胖的食物争夺者吃些什么东西
它正在准备小睡
它整个夏天都在吃会发胖的食物
囤积体重,准备在地底度过整个冬天
新的一年来到
灰熊醒着的时候
吃着能抓到的各种东西
它们唯一聚集的时候
是参加一场吃到饱自助宴会
这场活动超越它们孤单的天性
这一聚会发生于鲑鱼回游时
它们逆流而上回到孵化地
直接游过熊的地盘
这些危险的食客知道该到哪里抓它们
这些可爱的竞争者拥有最理想的用具
参与这场美食盛宴
它们庞大的爪子
相当适合用来捕捉及挥击猎物
但有时牙齿也很好用
这是灰熊为冬天增胖的好机会
鲑鱼蛋白质含量丰富
这些贪吃的美食家不认为节制有益
如果附近有很多鲑鱼
它们每天可囤积两公斤脂肪
但竞争如此激烈
又没有足够的咀嚼空间
不用多久就会让脾气变坏
最好的用餐地点很难得到
通常是由发亮的牙齿决定位子是谁的
如果没办法决定
那就用打的!
惹恼你的不是因为距离接近
而是同来的食客的催促
“嘿,要吃自己拿!”
但你吃饱了就是饱了
周围总有人会捡拾碎片
对年轻的熊而言
急流自助餐如果太过热闹
还有很多安静的小溪可以用餐
但连那里都有动物觊觎你的午餐
发生在这些山腰小溪的战斗
是很好的练习机会
为踏进水中场地做好准备
【Key Words】
1. solitary adj.独居的
Usually solitary beasts, you can always count on some fireworks when Grizzlies get together.
这种动物通常独来独往,如果看到灰熊聚集,一定会有激烈的行为发生。
2. moderation n.自我节制
Salmon are high in protein, and these gluttonous gourmets don’t believe in moderation.
鲑鱼蛋白质含量丰富,这些贪吃的美食家不认为节制有益。
3. irritate v.惹恼
If it’s not the close proximity that irritates you, it’s the sheer pushiness of your fellow diners.
惹恼你的不是因为距离接近,而是同来的食客的催促。
4. explore v.探索
For younger bears, when the action at the rapids buffet gets too busy, there are plenty of quieter streams to explore the menu.
对年轻的熊而言,急流自助餐如果太过热闹,还有很多安静的小溪可以用餐。
【More Words】
Grizzlies灰熊
Salmon n.鲑鱼, 大马哈鱼
all-you-can-eat buffet 自助餐
utensil n.器皿
protein n.蛋白质
proximity n.接近
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