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Unit3 Can you help me?
标签:跟我学,初级,情景教学,杨澜,英语
1.如何请人帮助并帮助别人
2.如何提出建议
3.如何请别人做事
1. Can you help me?和Can I help you? 这两句话中的can 表示“能否”或“是否可能”。这是请求对方帮助的用语。再如:Can you take this? (你拿这个,行吗?);Can I sit here? (我可以坐在这里吗?)。
回答上述请求,肯定时说:Yes, please. 或Yes, of course. 否定时可说:No, I’m sorry. I (you) can’t.
2. After you. 这是谦让的用语,表示“ 您 (你) 先请”。英语没有 “你” 和 “您” 的区别,都是 you。
3. 当有人找你有事,你在忙别的事,要请人稍等一下时,就可以说:Just a moment. 或者更委婉一点,可以说:Just a moment, please.
4. It’s for you. 这里的for表示“给予”,“为了”,意思是“这是给你的,这是为你准备的”。
5. Please do.是简练而客气的说法,表示肯定对方的请求。如:对方问Can I take this? Can I sit here? Can I ...? 肯定时就回答说:Yes, please do. 用do 一个字表示要做的事,而不必重复说Please take this, Please sit here 等等。否定时则说:No. Please don’t. don’t是do not的缩略形式。
6. Shall I (we) ...? 这是提出建议并征求意见的说法。意思是“ 我这样做好不好?”Shall we go to the cinema? (我们去看电影,好不好?)
7. Will you ...?是疑问句的形式,但实际是客气地请人做事的说法。Will you take this, please? (请拿这个,好吗?) Would you ...?和Will you ...?意思相同,但前者口气更委婉些。
8. 人家对你表示感谢,说:Thank you. 你可以回答说:You are welcome. 字面意思是“你是受欢迎的”;或者说:Not at all. 意思是“一点也不”。这两个回答实际都是“不用客气”的意思。
Conversation 1: Can you help me?
Francis: Hello. Ah! Excuse me. Can you help me?
Young Man: Yes. Yes, of course.
Young Man: Can I help you?
Young Lady: Oh, yes. Open the door, please. Thank you.
Old Woman: Can I help you?
Young Lady: Oh, yes, please.
Old Woman: Can you take this?
Young Lady: Yes, of course.
Old Woman: Thank you. Four, three, two, one.
Man: Just a moment, please.
Young Lady: After you.
Woman: No. After you.

Conversation 2: Shall I put it here?
Francis: Just a moment. Please come in. Come in. Er, yes? Can I help you?
Jane: Please take it. It's for you. Look!
Francis: Oh, thank you, Jane. Thank you.
Jane: Can I sit here?
Francis: Yes, of course. Please do. Look! Shall I put it here?
Jane: Mm. No. Not there.
Francis: Here? Shall I put it here? No. No. Please don't get up.
Jane: Yes, there.

Conversation 3: Will you take that?
Man: Can I help you, sir, madam?
Man: Yes. Mr. Williams.
Lady: And Mrs. Williams.
Man: Just a moment, please. Mr. and Mrs. Williams. Yes. Yes, of course. Room 8. Can I take your luggage?
Man: Yes, please. Will you take that? No. Don't take that. Will you take this, please? Would you take this, please?
Man: Would you follow me, please?


对话 1: 你能帮我个忙吗?
弗朗西斯:你好。哦,劳驾,你能帮我个忙吗?
男青年:可以。好,当然可以。
男青年:要我帮忙吗?
女青年:噢,要。请开一下门。谢谢。
老妇人:要我帮你吗?
女青年:好的,谢谢。
老妇人:你能拿一下这个吗?
女青年:当然可以。
老妇人:谢谢你。四、三、二、一……
男子:请稍等。
女青年:您先请。
妇女:不,你先请。

对话 2: 我把它放在这里好吗?
弗朗西斯:等等。请进。进来。哦,要我帮忙吗?
简:请拿去。这是给你的。瞧!
弗朗西斯:喔!谢谢你,简。谢谢你。
简:我坐这儿行吗?
弗朗西斯:当然可以。请便。瞧! 把它放在这里好吗?
简:哦,不好,别放在那儿。
弗朗西斯:这儿? 放在这儿好吗? 别,请别站起来。
简:好。就放在那里吧。

对话 3: 你拿那个好吗?
搬运员:我能帮忙吗,先生,夫人?
先生:好的。我是威廉斯先生。
夫人:我是威廉斯夫人。
搬运员:请稍等。威廉斯先生和太太。对,对,没问题。住8号房间。要我来拿行李吗?
先生:好,请吧。你拿那个好吗? 不。别拿那个。你拿这个,好吗? 请你拿这个,好吗?
搬运员:请跟我来,好吗?
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