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Unit4 Left, right, straight ahead
标签:跟我学,初级,情景教学,杨澜,英语
如何问路及指路
1. Where is the park? 也可以说Where can I find the park?这是询问地点时常用的句型。
2. 请学着用下列用语指路:
on the right 在右边;
on the left 在左边;
straight ahead 一直朝前;
opposite 对面;
next to 旁边,隔壁;
on the corner 在转弯处;
over there 在那里。
on the left, on the right 表示位置在左边或在右边, 注意这里介词用on;
over there 中over 有越过一段距离的含义,指稍远处。
3. 有些人指路的时候习惯用方向来表示。英文中的“东南西北”怎么说?
east 东;south 南;west 西:north 北
south-west 西南;south-east 东南;north-west 西北;north-east 东北
注意说 “西南”、“东北”等的时候,英语的习惯和中文正相反,中文总是“东”或 “西” 在前,而英语总是“北” 或“南” 在前。
4. 单独喊 Help! 时表示呼救,意思是“ 快来人啊! 救命!”
5. 英语动词有及物动词 (缩写为 vt.) 和不及物动词 (缩写为 vi.)之分。及物动词必须有宾语意思才完整。如:take是及物动词,必须说明拿什么东西,take the luggage (拿行李);look是不及物动词,可以独立表示一定的意思。如果要说明 看什么,比如看地图,就要说look at the map,look后面要加介词at。
6. 英语对话中紧接着再次提到某一个东西时,常用one来替代前面说的某一个东西。如本文中的one,就是指post office。
7. 英语中有三个冠词:不定冠词 a (an)、定冠词the 以及零冠词。
不定冠词泛指某个东西,如:There is a book on the desk. (桌子上有本书。)
定冠词用于特指和类指,指具体的一个或多个东西,如 Take the apple. (把这个苹果吃了吧。)
有时名词前还可以不加冠词,也就是所谓的零冠词,如:Beijing is the capital of China. (北京是中国的首都。)

Conversation 1: Where is the park?
Girl: Can you help me, please?
PoliceMan: Yes, of course.
Girl: Where's the park?
PoliceMan: The park? It's over there. On the left.
Girl: Thanks.
WoMan: Excuse me. Where's the post office, please?
PoliceMan: The post office is over there, madam. On the right.
WoMan: Thank you.
Man: Help! Can you help me, please? Where's the police station?
PoliceMan: It's there. Look. Straight ahead. This way. This way, please.

Conversation 2: Where is the nearest one?
Man: Good morning.
Francis: Good morning, sir. Can I help you?
Man: Yes, please. Where's the nearest post office?
Francis: Er, look at this map. There's a post office in North Street, and there's one in West Street and one in Market Street, ...
Man: Where is the nearest one?
Francis: Ah, yes. The nearest post office is in Market Street. It's in Market street.
Man: Thank you.

Conversation 3: It's this way.
Husband: It's this way.
Wife: No, it isn't. It's this way. It's on the left. Look at the map. Look.
Husband: It's this way. It's straight ahead.
Wife: Excuse me. Can you help me? Where's the Grand Hotel, please?
Man: The Grand Hotel? I'm sorry. I don't know.
Husband: Excuse me. Where's the Grand Hotel, please?
Girl: Oh, it's near here. It's in North Street. No, it isn't in North Street. I think it's in Market Street.
Wife: Market Street?
Girl: Yes. I think it's in Market Street.
Wife: Oh, thank you very much.Market Street.Market Street.
Francis: Can I help you?
Husband: Yes. Where's the Grand Hotel?
Francis: Oh, it's near here. It's in Market Street.
对话 1:公园在哪里?
女孩:请帮我个忙好吗?
警察:行,没问题。
女孩:公园在哪儿?
警察:公园? 在那边。在左边。
女孩:多谢了。
女士:劳驾,请问邮局在哪里?
警察:邮局在那儿,女士,在右边。
女士:谢谢你。
男子:来人啊! 请帮帮我吧。警察局在哪里?
警察:在那边。瞧,正前方。这边走。请往这边走。

对话 2: 最近的一个在哪儿?
男子:早上好。
弗朗西斯:早上好,先生。有什么要帮忙吗?
男子:是的。最近的邮局在哪里?
弗朗西斯:哦,请看这张地图。 北街有一个邮局,西街有一个,集市街还有一个,……
男子:最近的一个在哪里?
弗朗西斯:喔,对了。最近的邮局在集市街上。在集市街。
男子:谢谢。

对话 3: 走这边。
丈夫:从这儿走。
妻子:不,不对。从这儿走。在左边。看看地图吧,瞧!
丈夫:从这儿走。一直走就是。
妻子:劳驾,能帮个忙吗? 请问,大饭店在哪儿?
男:大饭店? 对不起,我不知道。
丈夫:劳驾,请问大饭店在哪里?
女:喔,就在附近。在北街。不对,不在北街。我想是在集市街。
妻子:集市街?
女:是的,我想是在集市街。
妻子:多谢了。集市街,集市街。
弗朗西斯:要帮忙吗?
丈夫:是的。大饭店在哪儿?
弗朗西斯:哦,就在附近。在集市街
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