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Unit5 Where are they?
标签:跟我学,初级,情景教学,杨澜,英语
如何说某人在哪里
1. 打听某人在哪里,有几种问法:
Where is Sam?
Is Sam here?
Is Miss Brown in?
2. in 和at都是介词,中文意思都是“ 在……”,都可用来说明某物或某人处在某个地点,但是在英语里,两者用法和含义是有区别的。
in 的基本意思是“在……之中”,把某处作为一个容器来理解,置身其中。如:in the hotel, in his room, in the bar 都是具体地说明 “在里面”。
at的基本概念是在某个点上,把某处作为一个点看待。at the hotel, at the cinema,at London Airport,就是说在此地,重点并不在于说明此人就在其中。所以,at the hotel 意思是 “ 在这饭店住 ”; at the cinema 则表示 “去看电影了”。介词的运用是英语学习中的一个难点。请把它和有关的词及句子联系起来理解,在具体句子中学会正确运用介词。
3. at 和 in 有时字面意思是在某处,但这某处是泛指的场所 (注意:不用冠词 a 或 the),这样说的实际意思是“ 某人 / 物 所处状态、做什么去了 ”。如:at work 在工作 (上班呢),at school 在学校 (上学去了);in bed 在床上 (睡觉呢) ;in hospital 在医院 (住院了)。
4. at his girlfriend’s 意思是“在他女朋友家里”,也就是说“找他女朋友去了”,“和他女朋友在一起”。
5. 系动词to be的复数形式变化:
肯定句 缩略形式 否定句 缩略形式 疑问句
We are... We’re... We are not... We aren’t... Are we...?
You are... You’re... You are not... you aren’t... Are you...?
They are... They’re... They are not... They aren’t... Are they...?
6. 人称代词的变化:
人称代词 主格 宾格 所有格
I I me my
you you you your
he he him his
she she her her
人称代词(复数) 主格 宾格 所有格
we we us our
you you you your
they they them their
Conversation 1: Is Mr. Jones there?
Receptionist:Grand Hotel. Good morning. Can I help you?
Mr. Jones? No, he isn't here. He's still at London Airport.
Good morning. Miss Brown? Yes, she's here —at the GrandHotel. Room 301.
Conversation 2:Where are they?
Woman: Is Miss Brown in, please?
Receptionist: I don't know, madam. Just a moment, please. I'm sorry. She isn't in her room.
Woman: Thank you.
Receptionist: Look. She isn't in her room.
1st Man: Mr. And Mrs. White, Please.
Receptionist: Mr. and Mrs. White are at the hotel. But they aren't in their room. I think...
1st Man: Are they in the bar?
Receptionist: Ah, yes. Mr. and Mrs. White are in the bar.
1st Man: Where's the bar?
Receptionist: It's over there.
1st Man: Thank you.
2nd Man: Is Mr. Black in the hotel?
Receptionist: Yes. I think Mr. Black's in his room.
2nd Man: Thank you. Mr. Black? Oh, he's not there. He's not in his room. Where is he?
Receptionist: I don't know. Oh, yes. He's gone to the cinema.
2nd Man: Oh.
Receptionist: Yes. He's at the cinema.
Conversation 3: Is Alice in?
Charlady: Yes?
Francis: Hello. Is Alice in?
Charlady: Who are you?
Francis: Francis Matthews.
Charlady: No, Alice isn't here. She's gone to a party.
Francis: A party?
Charlady: She's gone to a party in London.
Francis: Well, is John in?
Charlady: No. I think he's at the cinema.
Francis: Well, is Bill in?
Charlady: No. He's at his girlfriend's.
Francis: At his girlfriend's?
Charlady: Yes, he's at Jane's.
Francis: Where's Kathy?
Charlady: She's gone to the theatre.
Francis: Hmm. So, Alice has gone to a party.
Charlady: Yes.
Francis: John is at the cinema.
Charlady: Well, I think he is at the cinema.
Francis: Bill is at his girlfriend's.
Charlady: Yes.
Francis: And Kathy is at the theatre.
Charlady: Yes.
Francis: Oh. Where's Bob? Is he at home?
Charlady: No. He isn't at home. He's at work, I think.
对话 1: 琼斯先生在吗?
接待员:大饭店,早上好。 我能帮忙吗?
琼斯先生? 不,他不在这儿。我想他还在伦敦机场呢。
早上好。布朗小姐? 对,她在这里——在大饭店301房间。
对话 2: 他们在哪里?
女士:请问布朗小姐在吗?
接待员:我不知道,女士。请稍等。对不起,她不在房间里。
女士:谢谢你。
接待员:瞧,她不在房间。
男一:我找怀特先生和夫人。
接待员:怀特先生和夫人在这家旅馆。但是他们不在房间里。我想……
男一:他们在酒吧里吗?
接待员:啊,对了。怀特先生和夫人在酒吧。
男一:酒吧在哪儿?
接待员:在那边。
男一:谢谢你。
男二:布莱克先生在这家旅馆住吗?
接待员:在。我想布莱克先生在他房间里。
男二:谢谢。布莱克先生吗? 喔,他不在。他不在房间里。他去哪里了呢?
接待员:我不知道。啊,对了。他去电影院了。
男二:噢。
接待员:是的,他看电影去了。
对话 3: 艾丽斯在家吗?
女清洁工:有什么事吗?
弗朗西斯:你好。艾丽斯在家吗?
女清洁工:你是谁?
弗朗西斯:弗朗西斯·马修斯。
女清洁工:不。艾丽斯不在这里。她参加聚会去了。
弗朗西斯:聚会?
女清洁工:她去伦敦参加一个聚会了。
弗朗西斯:那么,约翰在吗?
女清洁工:不在。我想他看电影去了。
弗朗西斯:那么,比尔在吗?
女清洁工:不在。他在他女朋友那里。
弗朗西斯:在他女朋友那里?
女清洁工:对,他在简那里。
弗朗西斯:凯西在哪里?
女清洁工:她去看戏了。
弗朗西斯:这么说,艾丽斯聚会去了。
女清洁工:对。
弗朗西斯:约翰看电影院去了。
女清洁工:呃,我认为他是看电影去了。
弗朗西斯:比尔在他女朋友那里。
女清洁工:对。
弗朗西斯:凯西去看戏了。
女清洁工:对呀。
弗朗西斯:那鲍勃在哪里?他在家吗?
女清洁工:不在。他不在家。他上班去了,我想是这样吧。
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