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大卫·卡梅伦:关于同酬与经济稳定的发言系列(四)
标签:名人演说,中高级,大卫·卡梅伦,政治,政策,演讲,经济,英国,ITN
2007年9月,英保守党领导人大卫·卡梅伦在KPMG(毕马威,国际四大会计师事务所之一)的发言:提出在金融法规制定及执行透明性方面的当前及中长期任务,并鼓励市场与调节要不断创新。
What needs to be done? In the short term, we need answers to important questions about financial regulation and transparency. In the medium term, we need reforms to the framework for monetary and fiscal policy in order to ensure greater stability. And I believe that we also need to now learn a fundamental, long term lesson which is that an economy built on debt puts economic stability at risk.
The short-term questions, the government should move quickly to answer these questions. Since the taxpayer, through the Bank, rightly acts as the lender of last resort when a bank is in crisis, the taxpayer can rightly expect some safeguards in return. This crisis raises the question of whether those safeguards were strong enough. Should the government have required more transparency from banks using new financial vehicles to finance their borrowing?
For instance, should we request the same capital reserves that are required for on-balance sheet lending? The point about the need for greater transparency has been made by leaders of financial institutions themselves. Josef Ackermann, chief executive of Deutsche Bank, for example, has said that investment banks should provide clarity by valuing their credit exposure to current market levels. The ratings agencies play a key role in assessing risk, yet there are pressing questions rightly being asked about their objectivity in the work they do. Has oversight of these agencies been too lax? The Chancellor now says he is prepared to look at these issues, and I believe that is very welcome.
We will also need to look carefully at the capacity of Gordon Brown's institutional framework to deal effectively with liquidity issues. This is the first time that a system based on the split roles of the FSA and the Bank of England has been seriously tested, and we must ensure that we learn whatever lessons emerge.
Over the months ahead we need answers to these questions, and we need to take any necessary action to ensure that our regulatory structure keeps step with modern financial markets.
As I said last week, it's the same spirit of innovation that makes the City of London a global and successful financial centre can create the type of problems we are witnessing now. That doesn't mean we should fight shy of innovation, of course not. It is enterprise and creativity that lies behind much of the City of London's success. But as the Financial Services Authority self-recognises, innovative markets need innovative regulators.

1.financial regulation
解析:金融法规;财务监管制度

2.monetary and fiscal policy
解析:货币财政政策

3.in return
解析:作为报答、回报、交换
e.g. I bought him a drink in return for his help.

4.raise the question
解析:提出…问题
e.g. Why did not you raise the question at the meeting?

5.lax
解析:松弛的;不严格的;马马虎虎的;散漫的;放纵的
e.g. They are lax about their appearance.

6.keep step with
解析:跟上…的步伐
e.g. I find it increasingly difficult to keep in step with the rapid changes of fashion these days.

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