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大卫·卡梅伦:关于同酬与经济稳定的发言系列(五)
标签:名人演说,中高级,大卫·卡梅伦,政治,政策,演讲,经济,英国,ITN
2007年9月,英保守党领导人大卫·卡梅伦在KPMG(毕马威,国际四大会计师事务所之一)的发言:号召改革货币和财政体系改革,阐述了公共财政的不良现状,进而再次强调了保障经济稳定的重要性。
Beyond these short-term questions, we need reform of our economy's monetary and fiscal framework to ensure greater economic stability. We've heard so much about prudence, so much about the end of 'boom and bust' over the last few years that it is important to bear a few points in mind.
First, our public finances are in poor condition. Our deficit, at 35 billion pounds, is the highest in Western Europe, leaving fiscal policy with little room for manoeuvre if the financial crisis leads to wider consequences in the real economy. Put simply, Gordon Brown has not put much aside for a rainy day. What's more, as the Institute for Fiscal Studies has warned, UK tax revenues are unusually dependent on financial services and the City, through corporation tax, stamp duty and taxes on City bonuses. Together these account for more than 10 per cent, one pound in every ten, of total tax revenues.
Second, the average Briton is more than twice as indebted as the average European. Personal debt in the UK as a proportion of income has risen from 105 per cent in 1997 to 164 per cent in 2006 that is the highest ever recorded level and the highest in the developed world.
Third, house prices have trebled over the last decade in the UK, an increase faster than for any other European country apart from the Republic of Ireland. These factors underpin my decision to put stability at the heart of Conservative economic policy, because the security of people's jobs, the security of people's mortgages absolutely must be our economic priority.
On all these indicators our performance has worsened and international comparisons show us in a poor light, so, again, what needs to be done? In terms of monetary policy, giving independence to the Bank of England was an idea whose time had come. We will not just maintain this independence, but we will enhance it, we will reform the way that experts are appointment to the Monetary Policy Committee. No longer should appointments be made by the Chancellor or his coterie, without any check or confirmation.
But there is little point in strengthening monetary stability if it can be undermined by poor management of the public finances, so when it comes to fiscal policy, the tax and spending, the Conservative position will be strong and clear.
We support the Government's spending plans, because they have adopted our approach of sharing the proceeds of growth, at least over the next few years. But this isn't enough to entrench stability; we will introduce independent scrutiny and independent judgement of the fiscal rules, so they have real bite. The Chancellor deciding to change the timetable of the economic cycle, the Chancellor deciding whether or not he has fulfilled rules for debt or investment, with a Conservative government these things would no longer be possible.

1.boom and bust
解析:经济繁荣与萧条
e.g. The American videogame market has been punctuated by sharp boom-and-bust cycles.

2.bear… in mind
解析:记住…
e.g. I’ll bear your advice in mind.

3.in poor condition
解析:处于不好的状态,情况很糟糕
e.g. The buildings are in poor condition.

4.maneuver
解析:熟练进入;操纵控制
e.g. This measure will leave fiscal policy with little room for maneuver.

5.for a rainy day
解析:未雨绸缪, 以备不时之需
e.g. We save money for a rainy day.

6.stamp duty and taxes
解析:印花税

7.underpin
解析:加强…的基础;加固;支撑
e.g. These factors underpin my decision to work hard.

8.coterie
解析:圈内人;伙伴;同志

9.entrench
解析:确立;用壕沟围住;挖掘;侵犯
e.g. Arguments could only entrench you more firmly in error.

10.scrutiny
解析:详细的检查;仔细的观察;监视、监督
e.g. The diamond passed the scrutiny of the jeweler.

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