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托尼·布莱尔:“祖国未来”系列(二)
标签:名人演说,ITN,TonyBlair,中高级,演讲
托尼·布莱尔在“祖国的未来”系列中关于二十一世纪政治与媒体变幻关系的演讲:托尼·布莱尔向大家概述了近年来诸如电视、报纸等各界媒体的多样性发展与队伍的壮大,但同时也指出了现今媒体更新速度上的不足。
I would only point out that the Hutton Inquiry (along with 3 other inquiries) was a six month investigation in which I as Prime Minister and other senior Ministers and officials faced unprecedented public questioning and scrutiny. The verdict was disparaged because it was not the one the critics wanted, but it was an example of being held to account, not avoiding it, but leave that to one side. And in none of this, also, do I ignore the fact that this relationship has always been fraught. From Stanley Baldwin's statement about 'power without responsibility being the prerogative of the harlot through the ages' back to the often extraordinarily brutal treatment we’ve ever read it, meet out to Gladstone and Disraeli through to Harold Wilson's complaints of the 60s, the relations between politics and the media are and are by necessity, difficult. It's as it should be. The question is: is it qualitatively and quantitatively different today? And I think yes, so that's my starting point. However, why is that? Because the objective circumstances in which the world of communications operate today are radically altered. The media world, like everything else, is becoming more fragmented, more diverse and above all transformed by technology. The main BBC and ITN bulletins used to have audiences of 8, even 10 million. Today the average is half that. At the same time, there are rolling 24 hour news programmes that cover events as they unfold. In the early 1980s, there were 3 TV stations broadcasting in the UK; today there are hundreds. In 1995, 225 TV shows had audiences of over 15 million, today it is almost none. Newspapers fight for a share of a shrinking market. Many are now read on-line, not the next day. Internet advertising has overtaken newspaper ads. And there are roughly 70 million blogs in existence, I’m told with around 120,000 being created every day. In particular, younger people will, less and less, get their news from traditional outlets. But, in addition to that, the forms of communication are merging and interchanging. The BBC website is crucial to the modern BBC. Papers have Podcasts and written material on the web. News is becoming increasingly a free good, provided online without charge. Realistically, these trends aren’t going to do anything other than intensify. Now these changes are better known to you than to me, and they are obvious. But less obvious is their effect, the news schedule is now 24 hours a day, 7 days a week and it moves in real time. Papers don't give you up to date news , that's already out there. They have to break stories, try to lead the schedules, or they give a commentary, and it all happens with outstanding speed. When I fought the 1997 election, just ten years ago, we could take an issue a day of last election, 2005, we had to have one for the morning, another for the afternoon and by the evening the agenda moved on entirely.

1.Hutton Inquiry
解析:赫顿研讯

2.unprecedented
解析:无先例的,空前的
e.g. The rate of growth was unprecedented.

3.verdict
解析:裁决,裁定
e.g. The jury brought in a verdict of guilty.

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