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托尼·布莱尔:“祖国未来”系列(三)
标签:名人演说,ITN,TonyBlair,中高级,演讲
托尼·布莱尔在“祖国的未来”系列中关于二十一世纪政治与媒体变幻关系的演讲:托尼·布莱尔向大家说出了众人皆知却又羞于启齿的问题,那就是与媒体打交道的复杂关系,同时还说明现状的存在不是谁的错而是整体大环境变化导致的。
You have to respond to stories also in real time. Frequently the problem is as much assembling the facts as giving them. Make a mistake and you quickly transfer from drama into crisis. In the 1960s, believe it or not, the government would sometimes, on a serious issue, have a Cabinet meeting that would last two days; it would be laughable to think you could do that now without the heavens falling in before lunch on the first day.
Things also harden within minutes, I mean you can't let speculation stay out there for longer than an instant.
And I am going to say something that few people in public life will say, but most know is absolutely true: a vast aspect of our jobs today, outside of the really major decisions, as big as anything else, is coping with the media, its sheer scale, weight and constant hyperactivity. At points, it literally overwhelms. Talk to senior people in virtually any walk of life today - business, military, public services, sport, even charities and voluntary organisations and they will tell you the same. People don't speak about it because, in the main, they are afraid to. But it is true, nonetheless, and those who have been around long enough, will also say it has changed significantly in the past years.
The danger is, though, that we then commit the same mistake as the media do with us: it's the fault of bad people. My point is that it is not the people who have changed; it is the context within which they work.
For example, we devote reams of space to debating why there is so much cynicism about politics and public life. In this, the politicians are obliged to go into self-flagellation, admitting it is all our fault. Actually not to have a proper press operation nowadays is like asking a batsman to face bodyline bowling without pads or headgear.
And, believe it or not, most politicians come into public life with a desire to serve, and by and large, try to do the right thing not the wrong thing.
My view, my reflection of ten years is that the real reason for the cynicism is precisely the way politics and the media today interact. We, in the world of politics, because we are worried about saying this, play along with the notion that we are the source of responsibility.
So for example, my own case, I introduced: first, lobby briefings on the record; then published the minutes; then gave monthly press conferences; then Freedom of Information; then became the first Prime Minister to go to the Select Committee's Chairman's session; and so on . None of it to any avail, not because these things aren't right, but because they don't deal with the central issue which is how politics is reported.
There is now, again, a debate about why Parliament is not considered more important and as ever, the government is held to blame. But actually we haven't altered any of the lines of accountability between Parliament and the Executive. What has changed is the way Parliament is reported or not reported. Tell me how many maiden speeches are listened to; how many excellent second reading speeches or committee speeches are covered, except when they generate major controversy, they aren't.

1.assemble
解析:收集;集合;聚集
e.g. Over 10,000 people were assembled at the airport to honor the President's visit.

2.walk of life
解析:行业
e.g. Our membership includes people from all walks of life.

3.cynicism
解析:讥笑;讥讽的言词;犬儒主义
e.g. His remark has a fine edge of cynicism.

4.self-flagellation
解析:自我鞭策;自我检讨
e.g. The politicians should go into self-flagellation for the loss.

5.press conference
解析:新闻发布会;记者招待会

6.be obliged to go
解析:不得不;有义务做
e.g. I was obliged to abandon that idea.

7.by and large
解析:总的说来
e.g. By and large, your idea is a good one.

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